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STEM based Learning in The Indian Education System
Education is the backbone of every economy. It is imperative to have an updated education system in order for any country to compete in the world. Indian education system has been criticized due to its inability to generate employability for the kids. The failure has been owed to traditional curriculum followed by the schools, lack of innovative ideas, and inadequate teacher training facilities.
It has also been highlighted that the learning methods adopted by the schools are memorization and the programme are oriented towards exams, completely digressing from the fact that thorough understanding and learning is helpful for kids in the long term. Taking in consideration the current statistics, according to a study conducted by aspiring minds, 80% of engineers that India produces are not employable & it has not been improved since last 7 years. The study also claims that only 4.77% candidates could write the correct logic for a programming, which is a minimum requirement for any programming job. The companies are entering into the Indian market but the candidates are not able to meet the job expectations.
With the current situation of skill and employability in India, it is mandatory for our future generations to learn & develop skills that make them more efficient and ready for the challenges thrown by the industries.
STEM education has been seeking attention because of the ability of the programme to critique, inquire, wonder, and innovate while sticking to the curriculum. It is aiming to improve the education system in India while nourishing the skills of the future generations.
What is STEM Education?
STEM is a curriculum devised to teach the four specific disciplines to the students – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics in an integrated manner. The students apply the approaches from all the subjects to real world problems and find solutions to them. It helps the students to develop skills such as logical thinking, problem solving, creativity, digital literacy, team work, initiatives, and communication.
In order to make learning more impactful and interesting the concept of STEM was first introduced in the United States. The U.S. government has been driving since decades to include STEM education in school curriculum. In the year 1958, President Eisenhower proposed the creation of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). In the year 1961, when Eisenhower left the office, and President Kennedy took over, he continued to encourage the ideas for innovation in the areas of STEM. In 2009, President Obama also introduced Educate to Innovate initiative which aimed to move the students of the United States to the top of the pack of science & math achievement. Some of the key milestones in the initiative include increasing federal investment in STEM and preparing 100,000 new STEM teachers by 2021.
STEM Education – India
Atal Tinkering Lab (ATL) is an approach by Central government of India to build an environment of scientific temperament, innovation, creativity amongst the students of India. Through ATL, young minds can shape up their ideas through hands on & DIY innovation skills. It intends to inculcate skills such as physical computing, rapid calculations, adaptive learning, and creative thinking among others. The first phase of Atal Tinkering Labs has brought India a step closer to the mission of creating one million child innovators in India by 2020.
Such measures demonstrates the efforts taken by the government of India in order to improve the skills of the future generations.
Also there are active efforts taken by the private organizations which are promoting STEM by conducting competitions, workshops, among other events. Companies such as IBM, Wipro, Infosys etc are driving initiatives in order to promote the interest in STEM based learnings. These companies are working towards creating awareness about new technologies such as artificial intelligence and ensuring skills ready workforce. For instance, IBM supports Niti Ayog’s ATL mission, and is launching school programmes that would expose the kids to new technology in cognitive and artificial intelligence.
STEM – Job Opportunities in India
As per the data by National Science Foundation, it is predicted that 80% of jobs created in next decade will require some form of science & maths skills. The Indian government is promoting initiatives such as Make in India, Skill India and Digital India to encourage manufacturing, technology usage and skill development, which makes STEM as an integral part of the curriculum.
In a Nutshell
With the continuous technological development across the industries, it is significant for the candidates to develop critical thinking & logic accompanied by creativity in order to fight competition. This would only be possible if the mind-set has been worked upon since the early education. Along with academics, students need to develop STEM based skills. Please visit www.skillovate.com in order to make your kid ready to face the competition.